Types and varieties of cannabis

Cannabis is divided into three types: cannabis indica, cannabis sativa and ruderalis. What are the differences between them?

If you have decided to grow marijuana plants at home, you should first choose a suitable cannabis varieties. Therefore, before you start ordering your cannabis seeds, let’s talk about how cannabis plants are actually divided. Generally, cannabis is divided into Indian hemp, sown hemp and wild hemp. Now let’s see what the differences are between them and what the specifics are for each types of marijuana.

Cannabis indica

You can also find this cannabis species under the terms Cannabis Sativa ssp. Indica, Cannabis Sativa Indica, Cannabis Sativa var. Indica, Cannabis Afganica, Cannabis Macrosperma or Sannabis Sativa. l. var. Kafiristanica.

varieties leaf marijuany Nuka

This cannabis plant is a dioecious annual marijuana plant that reaches a height of around 1m, up to a maximum of 1.8m. The stem of the Indian hemp plant is bifurcated and has very dense foliage. The leaves of Indian hemp are petioled with thick palistates with a saw-shaped blade that is three to seven lobed.

This type of cannabis grows wild in Asia. In countries such as India, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Syria, and across North Africa, Indian cannabis is grown for hasish. The different varieties of cannabis can be distinguished into Afghan, Iranian, Chinese, Turkish, Moroccan, Pakistani, etc. In the climatic conditions of central Europe, Indian cannabis retains its typical cannabinoid profile. Original cannabis indica varieties have a THC content 1.5%-9% with a low CBD content 0.04-0.10%.

In our cannabis bank Nukaseeds you can find Indica seeds under the name Banshee, which is a self-flowering varieties or feminized CBD varieties Cleopatra

Indian hemp grows to 1.8 metres


The effect of a typical indica is physical and sedative. Overall, it relaxes and promotes sleep.

Therapeutic use

Indian cannabis is particularly useful for pain relief and treating insomnia. This type of cannabis is usually taken in the evening or at night, or just before bedtime. Indica generally has a higher THC content and a lower CBN/CBD content.

Advantages of indica:

  • Pain relief
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Calming down
  • Increase in appetite

Cannabis sativa

You will also find cannabis seed as Cannabis Sativa Sativa, Sannabis Sativa ssp. Sativa, Cannabis Gigantea, Cannabis Americana, Cannabis Lupulus, Cannabis Sativa ssp. Spontanea, Cannabis Chinensis nebo Cannabis Foetens.

Nuka leaf marijuana seeded cannabis

Sativa originally comes from around the equator, from countries like Colombia, Mexico, Thailand and Cambodia. Cannabis sativa grows to greater heights and can reach well over 3-4 metres in the open ground. The individual floors are more widely spaced and there are fewer branches overall. In really ideal conditions, some cannabis varieties can grow to over 5-7 metres.

The flowering period ranges from 8 to 12 weeks. The flowers (cones) of these plants are much airier and the leaves are narrower and oblong in shape. Sativas generally take longer to flower than indicas and, due to their high THC content, have a strong effect on the psyche of each individual.

In our seed bank Nukaseeds you can find Sativas under the name Paradox and Megaton, which are feminized marijuana seeds or if you are looking for autoflowering varieties, check out the top of the range Tokamak.

Plants of the sativa genus are generally recommended for more experienced users. Sativa can stimulate the appetite, has stimulating effects, promotes creativity and thinking.

sativa grows up to 7 metres

Medium to late types (southern cannabis) is a group of cannabis plants with a growing period of 120 to 165 days. They reach a height of 2.5 – 4 m (up to 7 m in the tropics).


The action of sativa most affects the brain, the effect is energizing and stimulating.

Therapeutic use

Sativa is used more during the day for its energizing and antidepressant effects. It typically has a very stimulating effect and promotes creative thinking. Sativa is lower in THC and higher in CBN/CBD.

Advantages of sativa:

  • Relief from anxiety
  • Mood improvement
  • Stimulace
  • Improving concentration


Also known as: cannabis sativa ruderalis, cannabis sativa spp. ruderalis, cannbis sativa ssp. Spontanea, cannabis sativa var. spontanea.

marijuana leaf ruderalis

An annual dioecious plant reaching 60-150 cm tall, rather sparsely branched, with a weakly furrowed stem, weakly fibrous. The foliage is not very dense, but the leaves are quite large, with 3-5 lobes.

This weedy species without significant narcotic effects is easy on the soil and climate. It is resistant to diseases and pests.

Its original home is southeastern Russia (Volga, Ural, Caucasus, western Siberia), Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Iran, Mongolia, China and the Far East. Secondarily, it spread to Central Europe (southern Moravia and Slovakia) and northeastern Europe (Poland, Lithuania, Estonia). It also grows in the USA and southern Canada.

Unlike Sativa and Indica, the beginning of the flowering phase is not dependent on the length of the day. It simply starts flowering after a certain age. This ability of Cannabis ruderalis has become popular in recent years and is why breeders use it to develop so-called Autoflowers varieties. Since then, varieties without this ability have been called photoperiodic.

Published by Peca Sarm


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